IHPP Thailand Publications

Articles in International Journal

Detail of : Compliance of off-premise alcohol retailers with the minimum purchase age law.

# Details
Year 2012
Source WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health 2012;1:412-22.
Title Compliance of off-premise alcohol retailers with the minimum purchase age law.
Author(s) Puangsuwan A, Phakdeesettakun K, Thamarangsi T, and Chaiyasong S.
Address Affiliate ITJ138
Address Correspondence
Abstract Background:
In Thailand, the 2008 Alcoholic Beverages Control Act set the minimum purchase age (MPA) at 20 years old in order to limit new drinkers as part of the overall alcohol control effort. This study aims to assess the compliance of off-premise alcohol retailers with MPA restrictions and
to identify factors affecting sales to adolescents.

A Decoy protocol was used to quantify compliance of 417 alcohol retailers from three categories, namely grocers, modern minimarts and department stores. Multi-stage sampling was applied to obtain the samples in four provinces: Bangkok, Nakorn Sawan, Songkhla and Surin. Each alcohol retailer was visited twice by 17–19 year-old male and female adolescents who tried to buy alcohol. Information collected from focus groups and in-depth interviews with vendors and management officers were analysed for the qualitative methodology.

Of all 834 buying attempts undertaken by the underage adolescent, 98.7% were successful in buying alcohol. Only 0.9% were asked for age and 0.1% were requested to show an ID card. Age and ID verifications were statistically significant to buying success as well as province, while number of vendors, gender and age of vendors and buyers, type of outlet, law cautions and advertisement signs in the outlet demonstrated no significant association.

The Results showed that vendors fail to comply with the law despite the fact that they know the law. Enforcement needs to be strengthened to effectively limit new drinkers.
Keywords Sting or decoy operation, Alcohol purchase survey, Law compliance, Minimum Purchase Age (MPA).