Last Updated on 04 Jul 2023

A Study on sodium intake in food consumption among Thai people during 2013-2015.


High dietary salt intake increases the risk of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). The objectives of this study were to analyze sodium content of food consumption among Thais and to compare with recommendation by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) of Thailand standard of daily sodium intake. Data were obtained from Food consumption data of Thailand during 2013-2015 and Thai Food Composition Tables (FCTs) 2015 online database. Data of amount of food consumption per person per day of Thai people and data of sodium content per 100 g were used to calculate an average of sodium consumption per person per day and to compare with the WHO and the MOPH standard of daily sodium intake. The results showed that the average sodium content per person per day among Thais came from condiment (0.30 grams or g.), followed by instant noodle (0.10 g.), and pork ball (0.06 g.). Although Thai people consumed sodium and they do not consume exceeding the daily recommendation of WHO and MOPH. However, those foods were popular among Thai people which allow more opportunity made an opportunity for Thais to get high sodium content. The more Thais had a high amount food containing high sodium, the more they got sodium that was higher than the daily recommendation. Therefore, the related organizations should have strategic planning process on interventions that consist of the Guideline Daily Amounts (GDAs) label, taxation of sodium, and reformulating the products in order to reduce an amount of sodium intake of Thais among this food.

Domestic Journal
Thai Health Promotion Journal 2023;2:138-49.
Jindarattanaporn N.
Jindarattanaporn N.